02 Feb The magical Argan Tree
In this article we are going to know what makes the argan tree so exceptional and magical and that magnificent properties have their fruits.
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The magical Argan Tree
The Argan tree (Argania Spinosa) is typical of Morocco belonging to the Tertiary era, which means that it survived the formation of what we know today as the mountain ranges of the Alps, Andes and the Himalayas and the extinction of the dinosaurs.
It constitutes the second forest reserve of Morocco, after the oak of the elm and just before the thuya.
Arganes are trees that can live up to 200 years and measure up to 10 meters in height. They are corpulent, with the trunk in the form of a screw and interlaced branches covered with thorns.
Argania belongs to the family Sapotaceae, in this family are all those trees that produce edible fruit and are given other economic uses.
“The argan tree is a tree that serve as economic sustenance for the Berbers”
The flowers of the arganes are small, with 5 yellow-greenish petals. The leaves of the arganes have between 2 and 4 cm long, oval with the round tip. These flowers bloom in April but the fruit takes a year to mature.
Argania spinosa can take between 5 and 6 years to bear fruit.
The plantation of the argans extends approximately in 75000 ha. They are resistant to the dry and arid conditions of this zone. Tolerates temperatures between 3 to 50ºC.
“Arganes extend between 75000 ha and hold up to 50 ° C”
The largest occupation of the Argan is found in Agadir, Tiznit, Essaouira and Taourant.
The Argania spinosa has the capacity to adapt to the heat and dryness, in moments of extreme drought, loses its leaves in order to retain the water and prevent the loss by transpiration and subsequently recovered,, it can even become the deceased reviving when it increases humidity.
“If a period of drought is spent the argania spinosa can become dead and revive when the moisture reappears”
The production of oil from argan forests ensures the subsistence of three million people, more than two million of whom come from the rural areas of south-west Morocco.
6 Reasons why we must protect, value and care for the forests of argan.
1- Because the surface has fallen in the last 100 years 50%.
2- It is the last hope to stop the desertification of the Sahara.
3- It allows to fight against the erosion of the waters and the wind that threaten to desertify a good part of the area.
4- Its powerful root system, and its ability to adapt to the low level of rainfall, it contributes to the maintenance of the Earth.
5 – It is called the “Giver of Morocco” plays a socio-economic and environmental role of primary importance in the arid and semiarid regions of the southwest of Morocco.
6- The oil that generate the seeds of argania spinosa have magnifics and great amount of properties.
The importance of protecting argan forests has become a key issue for local authorities and international authorities. Thanks to the awareness many initiatives have been born to preserve, develop and help their regression.
“We must preserve, develop and assist the regression of the argan forests”
The fruit of the Argan tree
This fruit consists of unique individuals. From it is obtained the oil of Argania spinosa.
The flowers of the arganes give way to the fruit, which is called almond or walnut, has an oval shape similar to the olive but larger and round. The fruit is about 2 to 4 centimeters in length and between 1.5 to 3 inches wide. Their skin is thick and wait.. Inside is between 2 or 3 seeds that are rich in oil.
The fruit of the argan, is one of the few it takes to mature in a year, which means that until June or July of the following year we will not be able to extract its oil.
The taste of the almond of the Argan tree is bitter so it is not consumed directly but can follow two processes.
Processes to consume the argan oil, coming from the argans.
1.- Lightly toasted and pressed the seeds to obtain their oil. When the kernels by this process becomes something delicious with a sweet flavor that is reminiscent of hazelnuts. This oil is used more for culinary use by becoming an oil due to the exquisite taste that results. The only thing that in passing through this process loses certain properties but increases its capacity of conservation.
2.- The seeds can be directly picked up and pressed in cold, if possible by a mechanical process. To be a cold pressed oil preserves all of its active principles, this is the most often used to use cosmetic, dermatological and/or medicine, although sometimes also has culinary use, because it is the only form that retains all of its nutritional properties.
It must come from organic farming arganes which means that neither fertilizers nor pesticides should be used in these trees.
“The oil that produces the fruits of the argan is also known as the liquid gold of Morocco”
The argan tree has many lovers, we are from that part. Survives at temperatures that few trees can withstand which makes the goats to ride on its branches just to be able to taste its fruit and leaves….to us is a story that we find it incredible
The oil that gives its fruits is wonderful with a composition more than unique.